Towards rhetorics: On the research of new ways of describing Biblical heritage  in Polish Cover Image

W stronę retoryki. O poszukiwaniu nowych sposobów opisu dziedzictwa biblijnego w języku polskim
Towards rhetorics: On the research of new ways of describing Biblical heritage in Polish

Author(s): Stanisław Koziara
Subject(s): Christian Theology and Religion, Language and Literature Studies, Theoretical Linguistics, Theology and Religion, Pragmatics, Biblical studies
Published by: Towarzystwo Naukowe KUL & Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
Keywords: the Bible vs. Rhetorics; biblisms in the Polish language; problems connected with describing biblisms

Summary/Abstract: This paper deals with the problems which arise during attempts at describing fixed units in the Polish language which originate from the Bible. The author pays attention to a highly heterogenous genetic status of these structures which are commonly regarded as units of biblical origins. In this text, the need for distinguishing between structures of primary biblical origins (for which the biblical text is the only source) and those for which the biblical text is only a means, or level of popularization, has been postulated. In the latter case, we deal with the units which acquired the status of outdated structures outside the biblical text. The author investigates in detail this latter category of Polish biblisms, pointing mainly to Hebrew and Greek rhetorical tradition as important sources of their origins. Among typical proofs of this tradition, the paper mentions such figures and rhetorical genres as: chiastic structure, hyperbole, antithesis, syncresis, merism, abstractum pro concreto and structures of the loci communes type. A follow-up to this paper is a proposal to introduce into the description of native biblical units a distinction between the source level and the popularisation level of such units. In the final part, the author points to other research options, which result from the reference to theoretical and practical achievements of rhetorical tradition in the context of describing local resources of conventionalised biblisms.

  • Issue Year: 66/2018
  • Issue No: 6
  • Page Range: 57-73
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Polish