A methodological analysis of the scientific research Cover Image

A methodological analysis of the scientific research
A methodological analysis of the scientific research

Author(s): Kadzik OGANYAN
Subject(s): Philosophy, General Reference Works, Philosophical Traditions, Epistemology, Special Branches of Philosophy, Analytic Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Phenomenology, Hermeneutics, Source Material
Published by: Editura Academiei Române
Keywords: structure of scientific researches; domain and informational area; methodology of scientific research; measure of researches; non-fundamental theoretical research; speculative research;

Summary/Abstract: The article addresses the structure of scientific research in the context of the methodology of science. This goal is realized through the concrete material of physical theory, detailing the structure of scientific research and its elements; its process and the laws it obeys; its results, which leadthe process; its motives, e.g. the "driving forces" of research and the role of philosophy in the process.The paperexamines the theoretical phase of researches as a synthesis of the empirical and the speculative,in contrast to the existing literature that presents the opposition between theoretical and empirical research. The steps of knowledge of the objective laws in a particular area are analysed: the empirical research,the non-fundamental theoretical,the speculative, and the fundamental theoretical; this analysis allows the generalization of the patterns of scientific research. Particular attention is paid to the speculative research and its main elements. The“methodological mechanism” of formation of new fundamental conceptions in science is unravelled. The essence of this mechanism consists of some non-logical cognitive operations (idealization, choice of “Gestalt”, substitution, generalization). The knowledge of corresponding combinations of these operations made by the investigator facilitates the process of research, decreases the probability of errors in the scientific cognition.

  • Issue Year: XVI/2017
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 68-80
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: English