A Century of Electronics in Romania. Highlights Cover Image

Un secol de electronică în România. Repere
A Century of Electronics in Romania. Highlights

Author(s): Nona MILLEA
Subject(s): History, Economy, General Reference Works, National Economy, Economic history, Source Material
Published by: Editura Academiei Române
Keywords: history of Romanian electronics;

Summary/Abstract: Electronics was born along with the 20th century. Its precursors in communications, telegraphy and telephony, were applications of electrotechnical engineering, which only became electronical after the discovery and adoption of electromagnetic waves as a carrier of information, and particularly after the invention of amplifying vacuum tubes.First communications in Romania via electromagnetic waves were achieved in 1901, virtually at the same time with the accomplishments of Marconi and Popov. The lack of a tradition in electrotechnics, as well as limited resources, caused the evolution of electronics in our country to progress at a different pace, and sometimes with different priorities, than worldwide.This paper aims to succinctly present this evolution for the widely recognized domains of Telecommunications, Professional Electronics, Computer Engineering, Components.While subtitled "milestones", the paper is rather ample, and was therefore split into three sections: - first section refers to the first semicentennial of Romanian electronics, where the four domains are largely commingled, similarly somewhat to the worldwide evolution back then; - second section covers the second half-century of Romanian electronics in Telecommunications; - third section follows the evolution of Professional Electronics, Computer Engineering and Components during the same period.

  • Issue Year: XVII/2018
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 153-171
  • Page Count: 18
  • Language: Romanian