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Simbolismul cetății
Symbolism of the fortress

Author(s): Mariana Şlapac
Subject(s): Architecture
Published by: Institutul Patrimoniului Cultural al Academiei de Științe a Moldovei
Keywords: symbolic language; medieval mentality; symbolism of the fortress; symbolism of the gates; the symbolism of the defensive tower;

Summary/Abstract: Medieval symbolic thinking was related to the fortress. Its symbolism is determined by the following factors: the form of a plan, the color, the inaccessibility, often indicated by a ditch and surrounding rempart, the dominant place around the landscape etc. The fortress offers symbolic images, belonging to a divergent scheme (the actions-associations such as to close and separate), an avergent scheme (the action-association as to surround) and a convergent scheme (the action-association as to contain). The fortress gates are associated with the entrance and exit. This is a transcendental symbol, because it can be considered as a complex transition to another time space. The divergent schemes of the fortress gates include actions-associations such as to start, exit and open; the avergent schemes include actions-associations as to change, move, rotate, beat and be, and the convergent schemes are present such ones as to finish, enter and close (after D. Raynaud). The symbolism of the defensive tower is rooted in the depths of human consciousness. It expresses the myth of the ascent, when the soul rises up, reaching the divine transcendental space. The author examines a number of schemes, forming the symbolism of the defensive tower. The divergent scheme is determined by the actions-associations such as to rise, start, close and exit; the avergent one is made by such actions-associations as to pass and beat, and, eventually, the convergent scheme is made of such actions-associations as to contain, descend and unite.

  • Issue Year: XXVII/2018
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 5-13
  • Page Count: 9
  • Language: Romanian