Methodical Development of a Facultative Course «The Policy of Romanian Government to the Ethnic Groups in Transnistria (1941-1944)» Cover Image

Методична Розробка Факультативного Курсу «Політика Румунської Адміністрації Щодо Етнічних Груп На Території Трансністрії (1941-1944 рр.)»
Methodical Development of a Facultative Course «The Policy of Romanian Government to the Ethnic Groups in Transnistria (1941-1944)»

Author(s): Irina Motornaia
Subject(s): Governance, Political history, WW II and following years (1940 - 1949), Inter-Ethnic Relations, Politics of History/Memory
Published by: Видавництво «Одеський національний університет І. І. Мечникова»
Keywords: Second World War; Transnistria; ethnic groups; Holocaust; genocide; methodical development;

Summary/Abstract: Is presented in article methodical development of a facultative course for high school. Where are presented questions of the Holocaust, genocide of roma and life of civilians in Transnistria (1941-1944). Thise course examines Romanias consistent policy regarding to the ethnic groups living on the territory of Transnistria, the region between the Dniester and the Southern Bug, which was temporarily occupied by Romania. The main objectives of the course are to create the understanding of interethnic relations, the development of the historical thinking of the students, which implies a general understanding of the historical process in it's diversity and contradiction, the application of historical knowledge and acquired skills, the promotion of the creation of the national consciousness and the historical memory. Need of a research of a subject is explained by insufficient studying of policy of the Romanian administration to ethnic groups in Transnistria in the years of war. The realization of national policy in the region was enabled by methods of rumaniation, colonization, deportation and repatriation of ethnic groups. The subject is poorly studied in Ukraine and demands a further research which would be based on new methods of work. The current history program for grades 10-11 does not give a complete picture of the history of the Second World War and life of the civilian population during the occupation. It is due to the fact that the subject is poorly researched. The course should provide 17 hours a year, 0.5 hours per week and should be designed for pupils in grade 11. The project should consist of two special elements: the combination of the lecture course and the practical tasks that should intensify the pupil‘s interest in this problem. Lessons should encourage students to further work and research. The teachers should use documents, photos, diaries, video testimonies in their work. The teacher has to put the following questions to the pupils: what? who? why? where? whene? I am offering such types of work as: work in the archive, work with oral sources, creating interactive maps, creating cartoons, creating family albums. After working out these sources and maps you can create cycling routes to visit the places of the deportation. Develop a task for the historic quest. To find answers to the questions «Who Am I?», «What Means to Be a Person?» are very important during the offered course. Depending on these answers the person can perceive other people without any discrimination and stereotypes. Depatable problems are discussed in such a way as comparing policies to different ethnic groups in Transnistria, discussion of dilemmas «Kind of I arrived?» carrying out roleplaying games to display certain events in time, writing an essay of up to 500 words on «Your» – «Alien». Thus, the course, through different forms of work, directed to studying of history of the native land in the years of Second World War. The main idea to eat will learn to sympathize with the tragedy, to feel other culture, will learn to understand and tolerant concerns others, to objectively watch at events that are connected with a question of collaborationism.

  • Issue Year: 2017
  • Issue No: 28
  • Page Range: 381-396
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Ukrainian