The Last Turkish Administration in Batum (1921) Cover Image

Batum’da Son Türk İdaresi (1921)
The Last Turkish Administration in Batum (1921)

Author(s): Mustafa Sarı
Subject(s): Diplomatic history, Political history, The Ottoman Empire, Between Berlin Congress and WW I
Published by: Serkan YAZICI
Keywords: Batum; Turkish National Organization; Soviet Russia; the Moscow Treaty;

Summary/Abstract: Batum, conquered by the Ottoman State in the late 15th century, was left to Russia after a Turkish domination of nearly 500 years, as a result of the Treaty of Berlin, signed in the end of the Ottoman-Russian War of 1877-1878. Although the Ottoman State regained Batum in April 1918 with the conditions created by the Russian revolutions during the World War I, the Ottoman State had to evacuate the region with the Mudros Armistice, signed after the war. After the armistice, the British occupation began in the city. However, due to the advance of the Bolsheviks in the Caucasus and other reasons, the British evacuated their troops from Batum and gave up the city to the Georgians in July 1920.

  • Issue Year: 2/2017
  • Issue No: 0
  • Page Range: 475-506
  • Page Count: 32
  • Language: Turkish