СТАТУС ХАТНЬОЇ РОБІТНИЦІ В УРБАНІЗОВАНОМУ СОЦІУМІ УКРАЇНИ ПЕРШОЇ ПОЛОВИНИ ХХ СТ.
HOMEWORKERS STATUS IN UKRAINIAN URBANIZED SOCIETY AT FIRST PART OF XX CENTURY
Subject(s): Gender Studies, Social history, Recent History (1900 till today), Labor relations, Social differentiation, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919), Interwar Period (1920 - 1939), WW II and following years (1940 - 1949), History of Communism
Published by: Видавництво ВДНЗ України « Буковинський державний медичний університет »
Keywords: homeworkers; servants; ordinary life in Ukraine; gender; social status;
Summary/Abstract: The article is devoted to the study of the status of maids in the conditions of the urbanized space of Ukraine at the first half of the twentieth century. The purpose of the study is to demonstrate the connection social status and household development at the first half of the twentieth century. The author analyses the economic and political status of domestic workers according to their household environment. The author uses anthropological approaches in his study, which is typical of the history of everyday life. The article is dedicated to unfamiliar problem in Ukrainian history science. The author explores social status of invisible social group – the servants. It is first attempt to describe the ordinary life of Ukrainian maids as a separately strata of society. In those time women has not opportunity to find good job in the city and they have been oppressed and unequal. Home working was one of the not numerous way for women adoption in the not hospitality cites. Many maids worked illegally without any agreement and it was a first reason for the conflicts. The servants have not own dwelling and they lived in apartments with employers. Servants have going more power in home space but them social rank in public space was too low. Scientific novelty. For the first time in Ukrainian historiography the status of domestic workers in Ukraine in the interwar period was considered. The author first demonstrated the difference between the wages of domestic workers in large and small cities. Also, in the article on the basis of archival materials, for the first time, is reflected the social character of employers in domestic work in Soviet Ukraine. The author also is substantiated his vision of the causes of the decline of the Institute of domestic workers in Ukraine. Conclusions: The article shows the lack of fundamental research on the problems of domestic work in modern Ukrainian historical science. Also in the work proved that workers in industrial cities were the main consumers of services of maids. The main reason for the low social status of maids was their ambivalent position in society and family.
- Issue Year: 2017
- Issue No: 4
- Page Range: 62-67
- Page Count: 6
- Language: Ukrainian