Feminist Criminology: A Theoretical Framework on Gender-based Crime Cover Image

Feminist Criminology: A Theoretical Framework on Gender-based Crime

Author(s): Slobodanka Konstantinović Vilić
Subject(s): Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence, Criminal Law
Published by: Правни факултет Универзитета у Нишу
Keywords: feminism; criminology; gender approach; criminality; criminalization; victimization

Summary/Abstract: Feminist criminology developed in the 1970's as a school of criminology which primarily sought to emphasize the lack of feminist explanations in criminology, feminist examinations of women’s criminality and victimization. The basic task of feminist criminology was to make women visible in criminological and victimological researches, which were supposed to be “about women, done by women and for women”. Biological determinism, which promoted the relationship between innate biological traits of women and women’s criminality within the framework of classical criminological theories, was specifically criticized within the theory of feminist empiricism and standpoint feminism, which based their conclusions on the experience of women, primarily in relation to their victimization (sexual delinquency, marital violence). By using Foucault’s analysis of power, feminist-oriented criminologists have highlighted that differentstrategiesfor the oppression of women’s bodies (ranging from ideological images of femininity in classical criminology to specific procedures of constraint and bodily control) are of paramount importance in maintaining hierarchicalsocial relations. The feminist discourse in criminology, which has been most influential in the USA, has changed over time and extended to examining criminality in terms of the issues of gender, race, age, nationality, religion, physical abilities,sexual orientation and other differences which can serve as a basisfor discrimination. Further development of feminist criminology is aimed at informing a wider public about its basic tenets, particularly in relation to the victimization of women, as well as its wider application in the police, prosecution, courts and other institutions dealing with women’s criminality and the protection of female victims of violence

  • Issue Year: LI/2013
  • Issue No: 65
  • Page Range: 95-110
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Serbian