Czech Contours of the First Generation of Bulgarian Literary Modernism Cover Image
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České kontury první generace bulharské moderny
Czech Contours of the First Generation of Bulgarian Literary Modernism

Author(s): Michal Černý
Subject(s): Bulgarian Literature
Published by: AV ČR - Akademie věd České republiky - Slovanský ústav and Euroslavica
Keywords: Bulgarian literature;modernism;Czech-Bulgarian relations;literary reception;literary circle „Misăl“;Ján Koška;Stoyan Mikhaylovski;Pencho Slaveykov;Krăstyo Krăstev- Mirolyubov;Petko Todorov;

Summary/Abstract: Bulgarian literary modernism was a phenomenon of two phases – its origin at the end of 19th century was connected to the generation of its founders, gathered around the journal called „Misăl“ (1892–1907). Among them were S. Mikhaylovski, P. Slaveykov, K. Krăstev-Mirolyubov, P. Todorov, P. Yavorov and at the beginning also K. Khristov. This generation was then followed by the second wave of Bulgarian symbolists. This study deals with the early phase of Czech reception of literary works written by the innovators of Bulgarian literary modernism. It is focused especially on their artistic texts, and it also considers Czech literary critical and historical reflections on Bulgarian fin-de-siècle. The distinctive feature of this period was the conflict between „the old“ and „the young“ which is typical of modernism. It was manifested in an aspiration to overcome collectivistic ethnocentrism („servant“ literature in terms of romanticism and realism of the national revival and post national revival periods) by literary writings in a broader sense modern and European, which were characterised by anthropocentrism, author’s subjectivism and individualism, and by focus on formal and aesthetic features of literary works. The main participants of Czech perception of the first wave of Bulgarian literary modernism were translators V. Šak, F. Tichý (Z. Broman), J. Urban or K. Handzel and literary historians J. Máchal, J. Páta, M. Weingart or F. Wollman.

  • Issue Year: LXXXVII/2018
  • Issue No: 1-3
  • Page Range: 45-108
  • Page Count: 64
  • Language: Czech