Foreigners and the establishment of Bulgarian theater Cover Image
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Чужденците и българският театър
Foreigners and the establishment of Bulgarian theater

Author(s): Nikoleta Patova
Subject(s): Theatre, Dance, Performing Arts, Cultural history
Published by: Институт за литература - БАН
Keywords: Theatre; foreign art – national cultural institution; National Theatre in Sofia; Adam Mandrović; Josef Šmaha

Summary/Abstract: The attempts to strengthen theatrical art in Bulgaria pass from amateur theatre initiatives in Bulgarian National Revival through subsidized companies after the Liberation to the creation of the first state theater group in Sofia. Bulgarians take the first theatrical acts as ‘foreign’, forced and unnatural elements in their regular life. The ‘foreign’-ness remains its specific feature until its recognition for a cultural institution in the last decade of 19th century. Bulgarians ‘open’ to the European world and gradually the mistrust in the ‘foreign’ reduces. As for the theatre, it is being even forgotten, especially after the Bulgarian dramaturgy started its intentional development. The presence of the Foreigner in the various stages of Bulgarian theatre’s establishment is a topic of interest. Regardless of the initial resistance against foreign art, the foreigners connected to it are eagerly accepted as cultural ambassadors rather than aggressive imposers of cultural practices. A demonstration of this is the amateur or professional effort of numerous foreigners who connected their lives with Bulgaria for a while. A special role for the creation of the Bulgarian theatre holds Josef Meizner – recognized as a director of the first Bulgarian act in the town of Shumen. Such role holds also Adam Mandrović who shortly was a director of the Sofia theatre ‘Salza i smayh’ (Tear and Laughter), and Josef Šmaha – the first director of the National Theatre.

  • Issue Year: 61/2018
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 78-90
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Bulgarian