„Jesteśmy zepsuci do ostatnich granic”,
czyli Mandeville’a niewygodna prawda o nas samych
"We are corrupt to the last limits", Mandeville's inconvenient truth about ourselves
Subject(s): History of Philosophy, Philosophical Traditions, Special Branches of Philosophy
Published by: Uniwersytet Opolski
Keywords: Bernard Mandeville; prostitution; sexual need; brothels; human nature; hypocrisy; egoism.
Summary/Abstract: The philosopher of the Enlightenment, Bernard Mandeville, perceived the roots of human nature in faults, which, if used appropriately, will build the power of the state. One of the areas he discussed was prostitution, which was both common as well as illegal and immoral. According to Mandeville sexual desire is entrenched deeply in human nature and it is impossible to eradicate it. The illegality of brothels contradicts human needs and therefore, raises many problems and leads to the detriment of society, contributing to the spread of venereal diseases and rape as well as limiting state income. According to the author, there is no clear boundary between good and evil and sometimes good comes from evil. In his view, Mandeville destroyed the contemporary worldview, becoming an ostracized author.
- Issue Year: 2018
- Issue No: 7
- Page Range: 65-72
- Page Count: 8
- Language: Polish