Young Children Help by Considering Cover Image

Küçük Çocuklar Başkalarının İhtiyacını Gözeterek Yardım Ederler
Young Children Help by Considering

Author(s): Muhammed Şükrü Aydın, Ezgi Acun
Subject(s): Social psychology and group interaction, Cognitive Psychology, Developmental Psychology, Personality Psychology, Behaviorism
Published by: Sanat ve Dil Araştırmaları Enstitüsü
Keywords: instrumental helping; prosocial behavior; altruism;

Summary/Abstract: Researches revealed that helping behaviors emerge as early as after children’s first birthday of their life. However, in young children, it is not clear whether these behaviors are performed in order to benefit other(s) or for another reasons. To study this problematic, an instrumental helping task was used and four different conditions were designed depending on whether the adult needs for the falling object or not and whether the object falls spontaneously or the object is dropped by adult. In the within-subject design study, different conditions were combined in a scenario and counter-balanced. Forty-three children (22 girl, 21 boy) aging between 18-38 months participated in the study. The results of the study indicated that children helped significantly more in the need conditions than in the no-need conditions. However, there was no significant difference in children’s helping behavior either the agent of the falling object is an adult or not. Results also showed that, regardless of need or no-need conditions, boys were more likely to help the adult than girls in the conditions in which adult is an agent of the falling object. These results are in line with researches that point out children’s instrumental helping behaviors may occur by considering other’s needs.

  • Issue Year: 6/2018
  • Issue No: 12
  • Page Range: 51-67
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Turkish