ФЕМИНИЗМ, КЛАСС И ПАРТИЯ В СТРАТЕГИЯХ ВЗАИМОДЕЙСТВИЯ МЕЖДУНАРОДНОГО И РОССИЙСКОГО ЖЕНСКОГО ДВИЖЕНИЯ В НАЧАЛЕ ХХ В.
FEMINISM, CLASS AND PARTY IN THE STRATEGIES OF INTERACTION BETWEEN INTERNATIONAL AND RUSSIAN WOMEN’S MOVEMENTS IN THE BEGINNING OF THE XX C.
Subject(s): Gender Studies, Political history, Social history, Gender history, Recent History (1900 till today), History of Communism
Published by: Ивановский государственный университет
Keywords: feminism; women’s movement; international women’s movement; International Council of Women; International Women’s Suffrage Alliance; International Women’s Socialist Secretariat; gender; class; party;
Summary/Abstract: The article is devoted to the strategies of interaction between Russian and international women’s movements in the beginning of the XX c. The author analyzes the interaction with International Council of Women, International Women’s Suffrage Alliance and International Women’s Socialist Secretariat. All these organizations defined their mission in different ways. The central idea of International Council of Women was “global sisterhood” and its activity was aimed at consolidating all women regardless of their class, party and nationality affiliations. The mission of International Women’s Suffrage Alliance was political equality for women as a condition for their further emancipation. The activity of International Women’s Socialist Secretariat was devoted to consolidation of proletarian women based on their class interests. Class and party interests played a big role in the relationship with International Women’s Socialist Secretariat. These ideological principles of international organizations determined the results of interaction. The interaction with International Council of Women put forward the feminist ideas in Russia and stimulated consolidation of women into National Council. The interaction with International Women’s Suffrage Alliance was successful in organizational terms and supported Russian suffrage groups’ activities. It also contributed to the acquisition of voting rights by Russian women. In interaction with the International Women’s Socialist Secretariat, a large role was played by party and fractional conflicts. The conflict of these interests led to the disintegration of IWSS. The author concludes that the strategies of interaction with international women’s organizations were determined by the specifics of the organizational structure of international association and the character of its membership, ideology, which prioritized women’s, class and party interests.
- Issue Year: 2017
- Issue No: 2
- Page Range: 74-83
- Page Count: 10
- Language: Russian