On the Baltic Origin of the Finnic *mokka ’(animal) lip, mouth’ Cover Image

Zur baltischen Herkunft von osfi. *mokka ’Lippe, Lefze’
On the Baltic Origin of the Finnic *mokka ’(animal) lip, mouth’

Author(s): Lembit Vaba
Subject(s): Phonetics / Phonology, Historical Linguistics, Finno-Ugrian studies, Baltic Languages
Published by: Teaduste Akadeemia Kirjastus
Keywords: Finnic languages; Baltic languages; historical phonetics; sound substitution; loanwords;

Summary/Abstract: The possible Baltic origin of the Finnic word mokka ’(animal) lip, mouth’ is discussed: Baltic *smaka-, cf. Lithuanian smãkras etc. ’chin; beard’, Latvian smakris etc. ’chin, palate’, Lithuanian smãkės pl. ’pig snout, elephant’s trunk; animal incisors, fangs’, smãkas ’a detail of the pivoted main beam between the axles of a horse-waggon’. The Finnic *mokka belongs to those noteworthy cases of lexical borrowing, where the first-syllable vowel a is compensated by o, the reason proably lying with the donor language.

  • Issue Year: LIV/2018
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 104-108
  • Page Count: 5
  • Language: German