On Plato's dialogue

Jest jakaś słuszność słowa... : o platońskim dialogu "Kratylos"
On Plato's dialogue "Cratylus"

Author(s): Zbigniew Danek
Subject(s): Ancient Philosphy, Philosophy of Language, Philology
Published by: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego
Keywords: Plato; Cratylus;

Summary/Abstract: The treatise concentrates on Plato’s dialogue Cratylus, which takes up the problem of the correctness of denomination. Its purpose is to prove that Plato’s discussion leads to creating a mimetic model of the word as a final solution to the problem of the correct denomination. The concept of the mimesis of the word, which is a fundamental achievement of the whole dialogue, is a theoretical proposition and, understood as such, it withstands the criticism to which it is submitted in the final parts of Plato’s work. The dispute concerning the correctness of denomination, which forms a starting point of Plato’s discussions, is deeply embedded within the reality of intellectual life of Plato’s times. The discussion of that subject is accompanied by general interest; it is also advanced enough to give rise to two basic positions concerning the question of correctness of naming (opSarrjc ovoparoc). The position of ętiae.i - which holds that there is a natural connection between the word and the thing it denominates, is represented in the dialogue by Cratylus. Hermogenes, his antagonist, holds that the subordination of the name to its subject is only a consequence of accidental conventional determination (vo^oc) - he assumes the position of vopą>. The first chapter of the dialogue is devoted to discussing the opposing views of the correctness of the word - it deals with the dispute of v < 5 cp v o E i following the general trend of the contemporary speculations, whether human norms and institutions can be naturally justified or result from a conventional determination.

  • Issue Year: 1995
  • Issue No: 32
  • Page Range: 14-87
  • Page Count: 74
  • Language: Polish