With an Idea of the Catholic Party in The Kingdom of Poland Cover Image

Wokół idei stronnictwa katolickiego w Królestwie Polskim
With an Idea of the Catholic Party in The Kingdom of Poland

Author(s): Ilona Zaleska
Subject(s): Christian Theology and Religion, Political history, Government/Political systems, Politics and religion, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919)
Published by: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika
Keywords: The Kingdom of Poland; Catholic Party; National Democracy;

Summary/Abstract: After 1905 political sympathies amongst Catholics in the Kingdom of Poland were divided between two parties: the National Democracy and the Party of the Realistic Policy (SPR), which was a group with conservative-amicable direction. Despite the fact that “realists”, how members of SPR were being named, had contacts and support from representatives of the polish episcopacy, the political dominance amongst lay and clerical Catholics belonged to the National Democracy. The ideology of the National Democracy in religious-church issues was not accepted by some members of the Catholic environment, even by priests who until than were supporting the National Democracy. The biggest critic of this party was the “group of Czestochowa” – a main part of the ultraconservative environment in the Kingdom of Poland. This group demanded from leaders of the National Democracy program changes. In case of the failure of this undertaking they have a plan of establishing a new, alternative political party for Catholics. This idea became more and more popular in the Catholic environment. Some of them believed that neither the National Democracy, nor SPR were able to represent businesses of Catholics sufficiently.

  • Issue Year: 24/2013
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 47-73
  • Page Count: 27
  • Language: Polish