Alleviating the Pain of Disability: On the Vocational Situation of Physically Disabled Persons in Poland between 1944 and 1970 Cover Image
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ZŁAGODZIĆ BÓL NIEPEŁNOSPRAWNOŚCI. O sytuacji zawodowej osób niepełnosprawnych ruchowo w Polsce w latach 1944-1970
Alleviating the Pain of Disability: On the Vocational Situation of Physically Disabled Persons in Poland between 1944 and 1970

Author(s): Natalia Bartnik
Subject(s): Christian Theology and Religion, Sociology
Published by: Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II - Instytut Jana Pawła II, Wydział Filozofii
Keywords: vocational rehabilitation; Cooperative of the Disabled; Polish Model of Rehabilitation; physical disability; the process of stating disabilities

Summary/Abstract: The article discusses the legal and occupational issues of physically disabled people in the post-war period in Poland, up till 1970. The increase in the number of disabled people—including civilians—caused the state authority to provide the citizens with appropriate rehabilitation conditions. It was necessary to either introduce or amend the legislation concerning people with disabilities and, as a result, to provide them with an appropriate place in society. The available sources show that the state government was trying to employ the concept of productivization to make it possible for disabled people to work. The term ‘productivization,’ referring to physically disabled people, was quickly replaced by the phrase ‘vocational rehabilitation.’ It referred to the entire process of offering vocational advice to the disabled and providing them with employment, as well as with health care during the work. All those elements were controlled by the communist authorities and they evolved over the described period. Apart from special workplaces for the disabled there were also their cooperatives functioning at that time. They were affiliated with a nationwide organization whose name changed over the years. Cooperatives of the disabled were organized so as to provide their employees with the appropriate form and conditions of labor, as well as with special social and living facilities. Cooperatives also enabled easy access of the disabled to medical centers and provided rehabilitation opportunities. The article also mentions the establishment of the Association for Fighting against Disability (Towarzystwo do Spraw Walki z Kalectwem) in 1960. All those elements contributed to the creation of the Polish Model of Rehabilitation, which, in 1970, was recognized by the World Health Organization as worthy of recommendation.

  • Issue Year: 30/2017
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 193-210
  • Page Count: 18
  • Language: Polish