On the ethnonyms Orok and Uryangkhai Cover Image

On the ethnonyms Orok and Uryangkhai
On the ethnonyms Orok and Uryangkhai

Author(s): Juha Janhunen
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
Keywords: etymology; Tungusic languages; Orok; Orochen; Uryangkhai; Ainu; Ghilyak; ethnonyms

Summary/Abstract: The paper discusses the etymology of the ethnonym Orok, as used for one of the aboriginal populations of the Island of Sakhalin. It has been generally assumed that this ethnonym is connected with the Tungusic term for ‘reindeer’, especially since the Orok, also known by the name Uilta, are reindeer herders. The author demonstrates the unlike- liness of this etymology and proposes instead a connection with the widespread generic ethnonym Uryangkhai. This term was transferred on the Orok via the languages of their neighbours, the Sakhalin Ainu and the Sakhalin Ghilyak.

  • Issue Year: 19/2014
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 71-81
  • Page Count: 11
  • Language: English