Language and dialect Cover Image
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Язык и диалект
Language and dialect

Author(s): Gergely Benedek
Subject(s): Theoretical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Eastern Slavic Languages, Philology
Published by: Akadémiai Kiadó
Keywords: East Slavic dialectal region; Komlóska; language contact; microlanguage;

Summary/Abstract: The paper examines the Rusyn dialect spoken in the village of Komlóska and the surrounding region in Hungary. The ancestors of this Unitarian population moved to this area from the Counties of Sáros and Zemplén (present-day north-east Slovakia) and the northern part of the Carpathian territory (the historical Galicia) in the 17th century. This dialect shows a large number of common properties with the Subcarpathian East Slavic dialect and the Ukrainian language. Rusyns living in a Slovak as well as Hungarian ethnic and linguistic environment have been isolated from the Ukrainian lands for nearly a thousand years. As a consequence, over the centuries their dialect has obtained some specific features absent from other Slavonic dialects and languages. Literary works and a monthly newspaper in Budapest keep being published in this Rusyn dialect. Inhabitants of Komlóska are taught their mother tongue as an optional subject at school. Therefore, this Rusyn dialect can be considered a “microlanguage” used both in spoken and written form.

  • Issue Year: 48/2003
  • Issue No: 1-3
  • Page Range: 11-24
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Russian