Composition «Stall and Animals» in Carvings on Eneolithic Stelae of the Pontic Region: A Proposition of Analogies and Interpretation Cover Image
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Сюжет «загон для скота и животные» на энеолитических стелах Причерноморья: вариант аналогий и интерпретации
Composition «Stall and Animals» in Carvings on Eneolithic Stelae of the Pontic Region: A Proposition of Analogies and Interpretation

Author(s): A. M. Smirnov
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Cultural history, Ancient World
Published by: Издательский дом Stratum, Университет «Высшая антропологическая школа»

Summary/Abstract: The paper is dealing with the figure succession on two stelae, which possibly constitute a scenario unit. In search for meaning and parallels for it the author juxtaposes it by their formal features with the known «flock–and–temple» motif on the glyptics of the Protoliterate Mesopotamia. Highly probable similarity of the main parts of the both motifs, «stall» and «temple/reed hut», inspires the author for comparable figures to trace in the European megalithic art itself. It is detailed resemblance with these «structures» that so-called «bucklers» display in passage graves at Brittany. Some images depicted on the stelae and megalithic tombs in Germany, Italy as well as those on the Caucasian dolmens appear to the point too. Taking as a basis the mythological contents of the Mesopotamian «temple/reed hut» (sacral–giving–birth–hut, a substitute for either the mother or the womb, or calving animals) the author try to interpret similar images («stall», «bucklers») as a record and demonstration of the essence of the monuments as temples with the same meaning where the burial itself (chamber, the deceased, grave goods) occupies only a part of space. To the case, the author interprets the anthropomorphic figure with outstretched legs at the Maikop tomb № 38 as a female deity of birth like Near Eastern Nin-tur contra the Indo-European treatment it as a male god of death by other scholars.

  • Issue Year: 2000
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 571-583
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Russian