Innovative Seasonal Migrations and Subsistence System of the Mobile Pastoralists of the Desert-Steppe Zone of Eurasia: role of social groups Cover Image
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Инновационные сезонные миграции и система жизнеобеспечения подвижных скотоводов в пустынно-степной зоне Евразии: роль социальных групп
Innovative Seasonal Migrations and Subsistence System of the Mobile Pastoralists of the Desert-Steppe Zone of Eurasia: role of social groups

Author(s): Natalia I. Shishlina, Evgenii S. Azarov, Tatiana D. Dyatlova, Natalia V. Roslyakova, Olga P. Bachura, Johann van der Plicht, Pavel I. Kalinin, Idris A. Idrisov, Alexander V. Borisov
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Economic history, Social history, Ancient World
Published by: Издательский дом Stratum, Университет «Высшая антропологическая школа»
Keywords: Eurasian steppes; Lower Don region; Sal-Manych hill chain; Eneolithic; mobile pastoralism; arid landscapes; subsistence system; seasonality; rotation of pastures; social groups

Summary/Abstract: The study of the economic system of the earliest nomads which inhabited the Eurasian desert-steppe belt in 5000—2000 is a relevant task of contemporary studies. The data on the organization of living space and the role of social groups of early prehistoric pastoralists in the exploitation of open steppe resources are scarce. The paper presents a new methodological approach to searching camps of the earliest pastoralists. The application of this approach enabled the archaeologists to discover numerous seasonal camps in the Sal-Manych Ridge located in the western part of the Eurasian steppes, including Eneolithic camps dated to 4200—3600 BC. The study of the occupation layers at the sites, evaluation of the productivity of pasture systems made it possible to categorize such sites as short-term seasonal camps occupied by pastoralists, evaluate the role of social groups in the organization of innovative seasonal migrations and reconstruct their subsistence system. The camps emerged as a result of developing pastoral economic strategy in the Lower Don region and the abutting areas reflecting the role of special social groups of pastoralists who managed to organize seasonal moves and address the issue of exploiting pastures located beyond the permanently occupied area.

  • Issue Year: 2018
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 69-90
  • Page Count: 22
  • Language: Russian