The relative chronology of some «main» sites of Middle and Late Hallstattt epoch in South-West Romania Cover Image
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Относительная хронология некоторых опорных памятников среднего и позднего Гальштата в Юго-Западной Румынии
The relative chronology of some «main» sites of Middle and Late Hallstattt epoch in South-West Romania

Author(s): Evghenii Yu. Zverev
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Ancient World
Published by: Издательский дом Stratum, Университет «Высшая антропологическая школа»
Keywords: Middle and Late Hallstatt epoch; Illyrisation; Illyrian-Thracians;

Summary/Abstract: The period of Middle and Late Hallstatt epoch is characterized by a «total» Illyrisation. The genesis of categories of many things relates exactly to the territory of Illyria. The population of this region represents mixed tribes of Illyrian-Thracians. My work intends to clarify the relative chronology of this region, on the base’s of big, good researched cemeteries of this period — Balta Verde, Gogoşu, Basarabi, Ieşelniţa, which I call «main» sites. The majority of investigations made by Romanian archaeologists in this domain have one important demerit — they build the relative chronology on the basis of synchronization of these sites with common European chronology. Therefore it is so necessary, while studying this region to build the relative chronology on the basis of the local sites. In my work these sites were observed at first as a whole cultural event. And also, one feature of this work is that chronology was built on the basis of metal things: weapons and decorations. I analyse in detail the typology of the items, for one part was offered a new typology, for the other one were used typologies of other researchers.As a result the relative chronology for these burial sites was built. The cemeteries Balta Verde and Basarabi are synchronic and divided into 3 chronological phases each. The cemetery Gogoşu was divided into 2 chronological phases. The first is synchronic with the last phases of Balta Verde and Basarabi. The cemetery Ieşelniţa presents the last stage of Hallstatt epoch, which is followed by the early Latene, and stands chronologically after Gogoşu. The results can be considered both in whole, and individually.

  • Issue Year: 2000
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 171-192
  • Page Count: 22
  • Language: Russian