The role of medieval archaeology in Hungary. Results and tasks Cover Image
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Die Rolle der Mittelalterarchäologie in Ungarn. Ergebnisse und Aufgaben
The role of medieval archaeology in Hungary. Results and tasks

Author(s): András Kubinyi
Subject(s): Archaeology, Ethnohistory, Military history, Social history, Middle Ages
Published by: Akadémiai Kiadó
Keywords: Medieval archaeology; Hungary; middle ages; invasion of the Mongols; invasion of the Turks; destroyed buildings;

Summary/Abstract: In Hungary medieval archaeology may have even greater significance than elsewhere. The invasion of the Mongols in 1241 destroyed not only a large part of the settlements, but also many written sources. Even greater upheavals brought the Turkish wars and the one and a half century Turkish occupation in the 16th and 17th centuries. The capital Buda (oven), for example, was taken by the Turks in 1541 and was reconquered in 1686 after several unsuccessful sieges. This not only means that many villages have been devastated, but also that the buildings of most cities come from the Baroque age. The royal archives and most of the city or church archives were destroyed, so that Hungarian historiography could only be based on the written sources preserved in the non-Turks.

  • Issue Year: 54/2003
  • Issue No: 1-2
  • Page Range: 243-254
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: German