Lexicography in Styria before the End of the 19th Century Cover Image
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Lexicography in Styria before the End of the 19th Century
Lexicography in Styria before the End of the 19th Century

Author(s): Marko Jesenšek
Subject(s): Theoretical Linguistics, Phonetics / Phonology, Lexis, South Slavic Languages, Philology
Published by: Akadémiai Kiadó
Keywords: history of Slovene language; Eastern Styrian language; lexicography; dictionaries; Central and Eastern Slovene parallel vocabulary; literary and dialectal expressions;

Summary/Abstract: Contemporary research on the history of the Slovene language have proved the existence of Central and Eastern Slovene (Eastern Styrian and Prekmurje) standard norms. The Eastern Styrian standard language is the result of a somewhat belated enlightenment in that part of Slovenia and already before Dajnko there were tries to standardise it. The wave of Svetourban was not successful, Primic’s Graz wave (Slovene society) also failed due to the unhappy fate of the initiator, that is why the third attempt, this time carried out by Dajnko, was successful. In Styria, the lexicographical work was intensive, despite the fact that before the renowned Pleteršnik only two dictionaries had been published—by Čebul (1789) and by Murko (1833). The oldest preserved manuscript dictionary is Apostel’s (1760), which was followed by an etymological attempt by Popovič (1789) and a dictionary by Zagajšek (1773−1790/91), in the 19th century followed Harmann’s lexicographical attempt (ca. 1803), Alič’s notes in the Adelung (ca. 1840), dictionary by Penn (1854), Miklošič’s dictionary material (1849−1855) and a rich Styrian vocabulary by Caf (1834–1874). In addition to these dictionaries, a lot of fragmental dictionary material was produced, which in the 19th century rounded up the efforts of Styrians for linguistic reference books of this type. The Styrian lexicography had always taken a positive direction in attempting to unify the standard norm in Slovenia.

  • Issue Year: 50/2005
  • Issue No: 1-2
  • Page Range: 99-112
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: English