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Author(s): Imre Holl
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Middle Ages, 13th to 14th Centuries
Published by: Akadémiai Kiadó
Keywords: archaeology; stove tiles; Angevin period; chronology; Hungary;

Summary/Abstract: It is necessary to review and re-adjust the chronology of the stove tiles from the 2nd half of the 14th century, because of the number of newly found specimens. Besides the Royal seats at Buda, Visegrád, and Diósgyőr castle, tiles were found at other locations too (Esztergom, Episcopal palace; Székesfehérvár, monastery, Order of the Hospital of St. John). There are new material belonging to the well-known groups, and in the case of Visegrád, new goups could be established (Figs 2–5). The reconstruction of the stove from Diósgyőr is a new result (Figs 8–9). This stove was made by the master of the first Buda-Visegrád group, about 14 years later, with more sophisticated solutions. The plasticity of the stove tiles is excellent (Fig. 8.5–6; Fig. 13). The old relative chronology is still acceptable, but can be extended with the new groups. We can date them by relying on the stratigraphic sequence of the Visegrád excavations; two groups might be placed after the earliest 1st group (Figs 2–3). The earliest part of the Visegrád stratigraphic sequence can be dated 14–24 years earlier than previously thought, based on new numismatic findings. (The costume style of the figures on the stoves supports this conclusion.) The newly proposed dating of the earliest finds at Visegrád relates to the debated questions of the construction history of the palace. We think that the grandiose rebuilding of the inner court, with erecting new buildings around it in a regular rectangular pattern, did not happen at King Sigismund’s time at the end of the century. The re-building was decided by King Louis I, started in the sixties (and were eventually finished and extended by Sigismund). The stove of the first group had been built for the earlier palace (middle of 14th century)

  • Issue Year: 132/2007
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 219-240
  • Page Count: 22
  • Language: Hungarian