Active noise control system in a fire helmet – a proposal of the solution Cover Image

System aktywnej redukcji hałasu do zastosowania w hełmach strażackich – propozycja rozwiązania
Active noise control system in a fire helmet – a proposal of the solution

Author(s): Leszek Morzyński, Grzegorz Szczepański
Subject(s): Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life, Health and medicine and law
Published by: Centralny Instytut Ochrony Pracy – Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Keywords: emergency vehicles: auditory warning signal: noise, active noise control

Summary/Abstract: An auditory warning signal emitted by a moving emergency vehicle is intended to inform other road users about an approaching emergency vehicle and the need to give way to it. Emission of a warning signal with the highest possible sound pressure level is the main method of ensuring the audibility and recognition of the warning signal by traffic participants at unknown and varying traffic noise, acoustic insulation of vehicles and noise in the interior of the vehicle. The A-weighted sound pressure level of the auditory warning signal reaching the interior of an emergency vehicle may exceed 90 dB, which can be harmful to the hearing, can adversely affect psychophysical fitness of the crew members and can significantly hinder verbal communication in the vehicle. This article presents the concept and results of numerical simulations of an active noise control system in fire helmets, which will reduce the exposure of the crew to the warning signal and improve the quality of verbal communication in an emergency vehicle. This system is integrated with the signal generation system. The Notch algorithm and the NLMS adaptation algorithm were used in the system's control algorithm. The construction of the controller was based on a microcontroller from the STM32F4 family.

  • Issue Year: 558/2018
  • Issue No: 03
  • Page Range: 11-15
  • Page Count: 4
  • Language: Polish