Is the Study of the Emergence and Development of Life on Earth a Non-Classical Field of Science Cover Image
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Некласическа научна област ли са изследванията, свързани с появата и развитието на живота на Земята
Is the Study of the Emergence and Development of Life on Earth a Non-Classical Field of Science

Author(s): Martin Tabakov
Subject(s): History of ideas, Religion and science , Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Science
Published by: Институтът по философия и социология при БАН
Keywords: Evolution; Evolutionary Theory; Intelligent Design; synthesis; creationism; constructs; natural; development; verification; falsification; Science; atheism

Summary/Abstract: Questions related to the emergence and development of life on Earth are basically of a philosophical kind and are more complicated than the superficial assessment that “Evolutionary Theory (ET) is science and Intelligent Design (ID) is pseudo-science”.From a Hegelian viewpoint, it may be considered that ID is a “negation of the negation” of creationism, i.e., a positive development of the latter, a “synthesis between it and ET”. The sharp criticism aimed by scientistic thinkers at ID can also be explained by their perception of it as a treacherously veiled creationism.It is necessary to show the theoretical constructs used by ID and ET. In ET, they are related to the vague, and hard to explicitate, concepts of “natural (development)” and “intervention”, concepts that go beyond the fields of particular branches of science. The basic question is, “Is it possible, using means that are internal to a system, to show that this system is self-organizing and self-structuring, and that no significant external influence has been exercised upon it?” Science claims to have a monopoly on Truth, but every monopoly is dangerous and holds the risk of misuse, especially if the verification and falsification of ID and ET are presented only by proponents of one of the two theories.In the history of science, there have been many mistaken, incomplete theories that, nevertheless, were predominant in their time. The study of the emergence and development of life on Earth is a non-classical field of science, and for some questions, science might not have a good explanation at the present stage of its development.The a priori rejection of the idea of rational participation in the emergence and development of life on Earth underestimates the possibilities of the development of science and civilization, and the potential power of reason. After 70 years of aggressive atheism, the rejection of atheism and the imposition by the government in Russia of a strict, archaic, old-ritual Orthodoxy is indirectly a blow aimed at ET as well.

  • Issue Year: XXVII/2018
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 95-108
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: English, Bulgarian