Conflicts over the falling freshwater resources Cover Image

Konflikty o malejące zasoby wody
Conflicts over the falling freshwater resources

Author(s): Adam Gwiazda
Subject(s): Energy and Environmental Studies, Recent History (1900 till today), International relations/trade, Peace and Conflict Studies
Published by: Fundacja Niepodległości
Keywords: water resources; water consumption; freshwater crisis; conflicts over an access to water; political effects of water shortage;

Summary/Abstract: The world is incurring a large water deficit. Globally, demand for water has tripled over the last half century. With increasing trade between nations and continents, water is more frequently used to produce exported goods. This article discusses the various patterns of water use and points out at the possible consequences of water crisis and conflicts over the freshwater resources. At present, over seventy per cent of all water use is for irrigation, compared with 20% used by industry and 10% used for residential purposes. An increasing number of „water dependent” countries means that water scarcity has been not only local but global issue. There is a need to balance water supply and demand and to conduct sustainable water management policy worldwide. The other option is the risk of international conflict over water which in many regions of the world is real. Such conflicts are more probable between countries which rely heavily on the common, one source of freshwater (the case of Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia and other East African countries which are dependent on the Nile River).

  • Issue Year: 2011
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 37-52
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Polish