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On Nonfoundational Reasoning
On Nonfoundational Reasoning

Author(s): Bartosz Brożek
Subject(s): Logic, Philosophy of Science, Hermeneutics
Published by: Copernicus Center Press
Keywords: nonfoundational reasoning; foundationalism; hermeneutics; belief revision; coherence; defeasible logic;

Summary/Abstract: The goal of the paper is to describe the role and structure of nonfoundational reasoning, i.e. a kind of argumentation that meets the revisability, the feedback, the background stability and the disputability conditions. I begin by observing that any nonfoundational reasoning has two components: the deductive and the hermeneutic. Next, against the background of Gadamer’s insightful, although somewhat vague, observations I attempt to uncover aspects of the hermeneutic component. I then proceed to reconstruct nonfoundational argumentation with the help of formal theory of belief revision, defeasible logic, and logical conception of coherence. Finally, I argue that nonfoundational reasoning is the backbone of both scientific endeavours and philosophical inquiry.

  • Issue Year: 2014
  • Issue No: 56
  • Page Range: 5-32
  • Page Count: 28
  • Language: English