God and King. Notes for Pindaros, Kallimachos, Cicero, and New Pythagoreans Cover Image
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Istenség és király. Megjegyzések Pindaroshoz, Kallimachoshoz, Ciceróhoz és az újpythagoreusokhoz
God and King. Notes for Pindaros, Kallimachos, Cicero, and New Pythagoreans

Author(s): Zsolt Adorjáni
Subject(s): Literary Texts, Metaphysics, Epistemology, Hermeneutics
Published by: Akadémiai Kiadó
Keywords: Pindar; Callimachus; Cicero; New Pythagoreism (Ekphantos and Diotogenes); theory of kingship; eye of the king; metempsychosis;

Summary/Abstract: It is my endeavour in this paper to connect literary and philosophical texts with each other which all articulate the relation of the good sovereign to the supreme god. I try to show that despite the difference in age and genre these texts have some traits in common: the motif of eye looking benignly upon and/or bringing fertility to land and people, and the metempsychosis with the arrival of the king from the god and/or his return to the divine sphere. I suggest that the recurrence of these motifs cannot be accidental and might reveal some continuity of tradition. Although the nature of such conceptual development is bound to be very complex and its starting point hard to trace, I nevertheless argue for a Pythagorean origin for the metempsychosis and the eye of the king, attested by Empedocles and Pindar, which mixed with the old belief of the king assuring fertility, as evidenced in Homer. Finally some parallels from Latin literature are highlighted to show the persistence of the concept.

  • Issue Year: 61/2017
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 1-26
  • Page Count: 26
  • Language: Hungarian