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Философская проблема «существования»
The Philosophical Problem of “Existence”

Author(s): Leonid Djakhaia
Subject(s): Philosophy, Metaphysics, Social Philosophy, Existentialism, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Science
Published by: Международное философско-космологическое общество
Keywords: existence; Universe; metaphysics; agnosticism; anthropic principle;

Summary/Abstract: Historically known for three major types of philosophy, that developed in parallel in every human civilization, and therefore do not exclude each other, and in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity only complement each other in many different respects: scientific philosophy, anthropology and religious philosophy. The more we come to know and deeply immense world around us, the more clearly and insistently arises the main philosophical question: why something exists? After all, it would be easier if there was nothing at all, including the people asking this tricky question. Nevertheless, the world still exists (according to the “anthropic principle”), but, I ask, why? It does not matter, the existence of which there is a speech: the “matter”, “God”, “absolute spirit” or something completely different. That search for an answer to this question (why should something there?) Is the true purpose of philosophy if at all, the problem is solvable (in the sense of Kant’s “metaphysics”). And then there is a special philosophical category “existence”, which requires a special study.

  • Issue Year: 16/2016
  • Issue No: 16
  • Page Range: 43-52
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: Russian