Cultural Landscape Formation within the Ural-Mugodzhary Region in the Late Bronze Age: development of copper ore resources and a strategy of adaptation to the mountain-steppe ecosystem Cover Image
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Формирование культурного ландшафта Уральско-Мугоджарского региона в позднем бронзовом веке: освоение меднорудных ресурсов и стратегия адаптации к условиям горно-степной экосистемы
Cultural Landscape Formation within the Ural-Mugodzhary Region in the Late Bronze Age: development of copper ore resources and a strategy of adaptation to the mountain-steppe ecosystem

Author(s): Vitaly Tkachev
Subject(s): Anthropology, Archaeology, Cultural history, Economic history, Ancient World, Cultural Anthropology / Ethnology, Culture and social structure
Published by: Издательский дом Stratum, Университет «Высшая антропологическая школа»
Keywords: Ural-Mugodzhary region; Late Bronze Age; Kozhumberdy cultural group; cultural landscape; nomadic cattle-breeding; archeometallurgy

Summary/Abstract: The author uses archeological sources analysis and results of natural science researches with application of ethnographical data to reconstruct an economic-cultural model in one of the local variants of the Alakul culture in the context of the cultural landscape concept developed in geography. It is ascertained that in the late Bronze Age the life support system of population within the Ural-Mugodzhary region relied on nomadic cattle-breeding, while hunting played a secondary role, and both harmoniously combined with mining industry. An effective adaptation strategy supported a traditional cultural landscape relying on the capability of steppe geosystems to regenerate, maintaining their ecological function and dynamic equilibrium between human needs and natural resource potential. The geographical space, with the habitat it formed, was explored not only for utilitarian purposes, but also spiritual, semantic and symbolic ones.

  • Issue Year: 2017
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 205-230
  • Page Count: 26
  • Language: Russian