How the Soros Foundation subsidized art in Hungary: Tendencies in the second half of the 1980s Cover Image

A Soros Alapítvány képzőművészeti támogatásai Magyarországon: A nyolcvanas évek második felének tendenciái
How the Soros Foundation subsidized art in Hungary: Tendencies in the second half of the 1980s

Author(s): Kristóf Nagy
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, Politics, Social Sciences, Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Cultural history, Supranational / Global Economy, Visual Arts, Political Sciences, Social history, International relations/trade, Political economy, Politics and society, Transformation Period (1990 - 2010), Sociology of Art
Published by: Fordulat
Keywords: sociology of art;sociology of arts;1980s;transition to market economy;post-socialism;political economy of culture;

Summary/Abstract: The following paper examines the influence of the Soros Foundation over the internal and external relations of the Hungarian art field form 1984 to 1989. More specifically, it investigates the forms and directions of fine art subsidization and their political and ideological contexts. The activities performed by the Soros Foundation in the second half of the 1980s can be seen as part of a regime change within the artistic scene. In their struggle for cultural hegemony various actors related to the Foundation were able to strengthen their counter-hegemonic artistic practices. Opposing the late socialist artistic hegemony of the Kádár regime, this also was the period when „contemporary” art appeared in Hungary for the first time. As a result, Hungarian art had been put into context with the Western art world: new dependencies were formed, within which Hungarian and Eastern European art found itself in a peripheral position. An important consequence of this was that Eastern European artists became forced to continually demonstrate their Europeanness both internally and externally.

  • Issue Year: 2014
  • Issue No: 21
  • Page Range: 192-215
  • Page Count: 24
  • Language: Hungarian