The Effects of Educational Policies on Religious Courses Curriculums in Republic Period  in Turkey Cover Image

The Effects of Educational Policies on Religious Courses Curriculums in Republic Period in Turkey

Author(s): Mahmut Zengin
Subject(s): Education, Theology and Religion, Religion and science , Sociology of Religion
Published by: Sakarya üniversitesi
Keywords: Religious Course Curriculum; Religious Course; Religious Culture; Religious Education; Religious Teaching;

Summary/Abstract: Modernization/westernization attempts, which have gained momentum as from “Tanzimat Reform Era” in Ottoman Empire, substantially have affected political, social, cultural and educational policies that occurred in Republic period. Specifically, political tendencies and structural character of modern Turkey had been more determinative in the construction of education. When we look at historical development of religious education in Turkey, together with various and rich experiences, it has been seen that political and ideological interferences had significant influences on religious courses in schools. At the same time, laic/secular, positivist and national character of education, which has been imposed by republic regime, had effects on the religious courses curriculums. Along with teaching about Islam, other religions and beliefs, republic ideology had tried to reflect its religious understanding, which gave importance and tried to adopt, on religious courses curriculums. This study aims to examine the topic within the scope of those questions: What is the general framework of state-religion relations from Ottoman Empire to nowadays? How modernization/westernization processes carried a mentality to Republic of Turkey? What sort of educational policies were implemented in the context of secular state policy? and how secular educational policies, which were applied in the process of construction of Modern Turkey, affected religious education and religious courses curriculums?

  • Issue Year: 19/2017
  • Issue No: 36
  • Page Range: 113-137
  • Page Count: 25
  • Language: Turkish