Communication Methods for Hearing-Impaired Cover Image

A hallássérültek kommunikációs lehetőségei
Communication Methods for Hearing-Impaired

Author(s): Ildikó Vízi
Subject(s): Cultural Essay, Political Essay, Societal Essay
Published by: Erdélyi Múzeum-Egyesület
Keywords: group forming; we-consciousness; non-verbal and verbal communication; sign system; code system; communication channel; multi-channel communication; compensation; vocal-auditory channel; lip reading; sign language; manual-visual channel

Summary/Abstract: Language is the most important instrument of human communication. In case of the hearing-impaired, communication through language is difficult and must be supported by special needs education. Throughout history hearing-impaired have developed for themselves a non-verbal communication instrument. This form of communication uses multiple channels and the compensation of the hearing disability is done with the help of different organs of sense (seeing, touching, vibrational and kinesthetic sensing). This means that hearing-impaired also have several communication methods:1) vocal-auditory channel (hearing aid) 2) articulatory-visual channel (lip reading),3) graphic-visual channel (teletext, mobile phone, internet, etc.),4) vocal-tactile channel, 5) manual-visual channel (finger spelling or dactyl sign language), 6) total communication (the joint use of several channels).The fact that which channel and to which extent is present in case of hearing-impaired is determined by the degree and type of hearing disability, by the early development and the special needs education. The above communication methods allow the integration of hearing-impaired in the society, so that they can be offered jobs according to their training, and that they can form families to be able to live a decent life.

  • Issue Year: 2015
  • Issue No: II
  • Page Range: 51-56
  • Page Count: 6
  • Language: Hungarian