CAN INCOME INEQUALITY REDUCTION BE USED AS AN INSTRUMENT FOR POVERTY REDUCTION? DYNAMIC EVIDENCE FROM NIGERIA Cover Image
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CAN INCOME INEQUALITY REDUCTION BE USED AS AN INSTRUMENT FOR POVERTY REDUCTION? DYNAMIC EVIDENCE FROM NIGERIA
CAN INCOME INEQUALITY REDUCTION BE USED AS AN INSTRUMENT FOR POVERTY REDUCTION? DYNAMIC EVIDENCE FROM NIGERIA

Author(s): Evelyn Osaretin Ogbeide, Richardson Kojo Edeme, Innocent Abanum Ifelunini
Subject(s): Economy
Published by: Universitatea SPIRU HARET - Faculty of Accounting and Financial Management
Keywords: Poverty; Inequality; Dynamic Panel

Summary/Abstract: The poverty level in the world is of serious concern but of a greater concern is the rising level of inequality along with poverty. This is major developmental subject of concern in developing countries. This study investigates the dynamic relationship between poverty and inequality in Nigeria to ascertain if inequality is a determinant of poverty in a semi-macro panel datasets employing the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) method of estimation. The study used panel data for 1992-2010 in a four-year round panel framework using variables such as household size, unemployment, adult literacy rate and unimproved source of drinking water. The result of the study revealed that both present level and past levels of inequality has a significant impact on poverty at 5 per cent level of significance. It further showed that past levels of poverty positively impacted on the present level of poverty. In addition to unemployment and level of education captured by literacy rate are important factors to be considered in poverty reduction.

  • Issue Year: 8/2016
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 307-319
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: English