Evolution of P.O.Kulish historical views Cover Image

Evolution of P.O.Kulish historical views

Author(s): Svyatoslav Vovkun
Subject(s): History, Anthropology, Cultural history
Published by: Національна академія керівних кадрів культури і мистецтв
Keywords: outlook; Ukraine Cossack history; educational activities; subjective concept; the struggle for Ukrainian language Ukrainian literature development; dissemination of historical knowledge; ideological p

Summary/Abstract: The article states that the analysis of letters, diaries, journalistic, literary and historical works P.Kulish and investigative documents show that its ideology, views on social and political processes, historical events and varied events throughout life, evolving in toward the conservative tradition.In forming the ideological basis of the researcher, historian and writer can distinguish three stages.The first phase – 30- 50-ies of the XIX century. At this stage, we believe that the ideological outlook of the researcher shaped by political secret circle Kharkov University and Nijinsky high school science, the rise of the Polish liberation movement and its distribution in Ukraine in the 30s of the XIX century. Emergence of political circle Petrashevists in St. Petersburg and Cyril and Methodius in Kiev; formation centers of education, science and culture of Ukraine.Under the influence of these and many other factors in P.Kulish formed young romantic progressive outlook, full of love for the homeland, its history, native words with a sincere belief that the situation in Ukraine can be changed for the better, if at all this work together to tackle. In fact, this desire led to the introduction P.Kulish Cyril and Methodius, which later he strongly refused. Kulish was convinced that the history of Cossack Ukraine could revive the past, using her experience in modern life, and above all by the general educational activities to achieve the overthrow of despotism and feudal reality.The second stage – the 60 – early 70- ies of the XIX century. Back in the late 40-ies of XX century gendarmes third division, using investigative findings in 1847, managed to scare P.Kulish break his desire to participate in political clubs and organizations.In a letter to O.F.Orlova Kulish says that he will do everything possible to transform.Under the oppressive influence Valuev Circular 1863, fearing persecution gendarmerie, P. Kulish starts again denied any involvement in the Cyril and Methodius. In addition, it revises its views on the role and place of the Zaporozhian Sich in Ukraine’s history, the historical conditions that gave rise to peasant and Cossack movement in the late XVI – early XVII century. Revolutionary events of 1648-1676 years.Not being in solidarity with the revolutionary-democratic movement II floor. XIX century, Kulish criticized the revolutionary foundations of Shevchenko’s poetry, some historical position M.Maksymovych, M.Kostomarov and other authors.During this period Kulish base its activities only puts educational movement, fighting for their own language, the development of Ukrainian literature dissemination of historical knowledge.The third stage – the second half of the 70th – 90th years of XIX century. During this period of ideological principles Kulish became somewhat confused and ambiguous character. In scientific journalistic and artistic works of these years Kulish regrets that Ukrainian bottoms were unable to coexist peacefully as part of Polish civilization in the XV-XVII centuries and sometimes showed unjustified violent actions against the Polish administration and property classes. For P.Kulish ideal during this period was the work of the Russian monarchical governments, especially Peter I, Catherine II and the kings of the later period.Therefore, Panteleimon Kulish was dramatically contradictory personality, as rightly pointed M.Zhulynskyy, its changing political orientations outraged the public, especially those who tried to imitate his great cultural asceticism.

  • Issue Year: 1/2014
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 102-106
  • Page Count: 5
  • Language: Ukrainian