Von Semenov Police Battalion: The ”Model Unit” of the Russian Volksdeutsche Cover Image

Полицейский батальон фон Семенова – «образцовая часть» русских фольксдойче
Von Semenov Police Battalion: The ”Model Unit” of the Russian Volksdeutsche

Author(s): Andrei Andreevich Samcevich
Subject(s): Military history, WW II and following years (1940 - 1949), Fascism, Nazism and WW II
Published by: Institut za strategijska istraživanja
Keywords: Russian emigration; World War II; collaboration; Germany; Serbia

Summary/Abstract: The 3rd Battalion of the German auxiliary police (HIPO), containing Russian emigrants of German origin from Serbia and other Balkan countries, was formed in the summer of 1942. Its commander was a former Russian officer, SS Hauptsturmführer Mikhail von Semenov. This unit was formed to strengthen the German police force in Serbia. Until the end of the occupation, this unit performed auxiliary functions in Serbian territory. The number of Russian immigrants in the HIPO continually increased, and after the formation in 1944 of Police Regiments ”Serbia,” they served in different units from that to which they were originally assigned. In 1943 a ”Russian” police cavalry squadron was also established. The composition of the HIPO included Soviet citizens, but their number was small. Police units ”Serbia,” which included Russian Germans and Russian in their ranks, were deployed in the territory of current Slovenia at war’s end.

  • Issue Year: 2017
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 137-155
  • Page Count: 19
  • Language: Russian