The Hungarian Diaspora’s Historical Evolution Cover Image

A magyar diaszpóra fejlődéstörténete
The Hungarian Diaspora’s Historical Evolution

Author(s): Dániel Gazsó
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, History, Anthropology, Social Sciences, Sociology, Ethnohistory, Social history, Ethnic Minorities Studies
Published by: Nemzetpolitikai Kutatóintézet
Keywords: Hungarian diaspora; emigration waves; history

Summary/Abstract: This paper provides a general overview of the Hungarian diaspora’s historical evolution. According to the main emigration waves of the modern and present era as well as its effects on the already existing dispersed Hungarian communities I analyse their history in four phases. The first refers to the period before the Great War dominated by a rural exodus. The second denotes the interwar period during which the majority of the Hungarians who left the Carpathian Basin were native-born in areas detached from historic Hungary after the First World War. Therefore, these people were not registered as Hungarians in their host states because they arrived as citizens of other successor states of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. The third phase is characterized by the religious and political fragmentation in the Hungarian diaspora communities caused by the so called ’45, ’47 and ’56 Hungarian emigration waves following the Second World War. Finally, the fourth phase treats the formation process of the Hungarian diaspora and its institutions as well as the migration trends affecting Hungary in the present age following the political changeover of 1989.

  • Issue Year: 1/2016
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 9-35
  • Page Count: 27
  • Language: Hungarian