БУКОВИНА ЯК ОБ’ЄКТ ПРОТИСТОЯННЯ МІЖ ОСМАНСЬКОЮ ІМПЕРІЄЮ ТА РІЧЧЮ ПОСПОЛИТОЮ (1653-1673 РР.).
BUKOVYNA AS OBJECT OF CONFRONTATION BETWEEN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE AND RZECZPOSPOLITA (IN THE LATE 1653-1673)
Subject(s): Geography, Regional studies, 17th Century, 18th Century
Published by: Видавництво ВДНЗ України « Буковинський державний медичний університет »
Keywords: Northern Bukovyna; Moldavian State; military and political relations; Rzeczpospolita; Ottoman Empire; Wallachia; Transylvania;
Summary/Abstract: The article analyzes military and political events on the Moldavian State territory through history of Northern Bukovyna, versatile sides of the Moldavian-Polish and Moldavian-Turkish relations related to the life in the Bukovinian land. The author also revealed the outcomes of Moldavian masters ruling in Bukovyna. He stressed that the fight for the master’s throne started after numerous military campaigns of Cossacks to Moldova (1650- 1653) and finish of the long rule of V. Lupu (1653) that led to fast changes on the throne almost every six months. Turks considered Bukovyna lands as abridge head to attack Rzeczpospolita. Relations between two countries were very tense and that fact sped up a long war. The Polish-Turk military campaign had a negative impact on Bukovynian land. Bukovyna became an arena of the war. The Polish Army defeated Ottomans at Khotyn battle in 1673. That battle had a positive influence at Poland military and political position as well as position of neighboring states. The victory at Khotyn battle was also of international importance. It was a model of interaction between different military units: from infantry and cavalry to artillery. The Polish army demonstrated that it was able to give a decisive rebuff to Ottoman invaders. The Ottoman long rule in the region led to worsening economic and demographic situation. Thus, Bukovyna became an object of confrontation between Rzeczpospolita and the Ottoman Empire in the late 17th century.
- Issue Year: 2017
- Issue No: 2
- Page Range: 29-34
- Page Count: 6
- Language: Ukrainian