"Денна" та "нічна" культури в концепціях П. Флоренського і Г. Флоровського

Author(s): Olga Olegivna Smolina
Subject(s): Anthropology, Cultural Anthropology / Ethnology, Culture and social structure
Published by: Національна академія керівних кадрів культури і мистецтв
Keywords: typology of culture; "daytime" culture; "night" culture; P. Florensky's concept of culture; G. Florovsky's concept of culture; religious modernism; religious conservatism;

Summary/Abstract: The purpose of the article is to reveal the essence and to carry out comparative analysis of the culture typologies of the same name ("daytime" and "night"), proposed by P. Florensky and G. Florovsky. The methodology is based on the comparative-analytical, hermeneutical and semantic approaches. The scientific novelty of the work is that such investigation of similarities and differences of the same culture typologies of these thinkers is carried out for the first time, just as for the first time their concepts are combined into a single typology, including the latter in the context of existing approaches to the typology of culture. Conclusions: P. Florensky’s concept is broader both in terms of the scope of the material covered, and in the scale of the conclusions drawn on its basis. G. Florovsky’s concept has a local character and does not go beyond the characteristics, stable in the church-Christian culture: the "day" ("light") of Christianity and the "night" of paganism. For G. Florovsky, the criterion for distinguishing between "daytime" and "night" types is the correspondence of the culture to the Orthodox Christian, ascetic, and actually hesychast tradition. For P. Florensky, however, such a criterion is the basic type of culture reflection, the closeness of culture to a widely understood religious-mystical consciousness or, on the contrary, scientific-rational one. For P. Florensky, the "daytime" and "night" cultures are the equivalent types. G. Florovsky, however, believes that the "night" culture should be changed by the "daytime" culture. At the same time, Florovsky's concept can, in a certain sense, be an integral part of Floren-sky's concept, if the "daytime" culture is left in the treatment of Fr. Paul, and the "night" culture (in Fr. Paul understanding) is represented in two components: a) Christian-religious (Florovsky’s "daytime" culture); b) Mytho-magical (Florovsky’s "night" culture). United in such a way typology of "daytime / night" culture of Florensky / Florovsky can be included in the context of the rhythm of apollonian and Dionysian types of culture, as well as broadly defined periods of "baroque" and "classicism" in culture