International Red Cross Cover Image

Međunarodni crveni krst
International Red Cross

Author(s): Jelena Lopičić Jančić
Subject(s): International Law, Health and medicine and law, 19th Century, Peace and Conflict Studies
Published by: Institut za uporedno pravo
Keywords: International Red Cross; Henry Dunant; the wounded and sick;

Summary/Abstract: This paper gives a brief history of the International Red Cross, which was established in Geneva in 1863. One of the initiators and founders of the International Red Cross was Henry Dunant, Swiss businessman and social activist. The original Henry Dunant’s idea was that the International Red Cross to help the wounded and sick in war. However, later the International Red Cross has played a major role in the humanization of the war and arm conflicts, and has expanded its activities to other categories which were also the victims of war and armed conflicts, such as civilian population, prisoners of war, shipwrecked, medical personnel, religious personnel and others. It is also important the role of the International Red Cross in times of peace, when great natural disasters occurs, such as earthquakes, floods, epidemics, droughts, volcanic eruptions, and other. Today, the International Red Cross is the most widespread international organization, which has its membership in all modern states. Organization of the International Red Cross was founded in Serbia in 1876, and played a major role since its establishment until today.

  • Issue Year: 2012
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 395-404
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: Serbian