Fire Protection Problems With Large Forest Fires In Deliblatska Peščara (Serbia) Cover Image

Fire Protection Problems With Large Forest Fires In Deliblatska Peščara (Serbia)
Fire Protection Problems With Large Forest Fires In Deliblatska Peščara (Serbia)

Author(s): Marko Milošević, Vladan Ducić, Milan Radovanović, Milan Milenković
Subject(s): Geography, Regional studies, Methodology and research technology, Management and complex organizations
Published by: Географски институт »Јован Цвијић« САНУ
Keywords: forest fires; Deliblatska peščara; solar activity;

Summary/Abstract: Purpose - The aim of the paper was to investigate the major forest fires in Deliblatska peščara, as well as to analyze the efficiency of fire protection measures. Design / methodology / approach - The analysis included interviews with participants in extinguishing the major fires. The questions referred to the course of fires, as well as to the main fire protection disadvantages. The documentation of the “Banat” Forest Management - Pančevo (Public Enterprise “Vojvodinašume”) was also used in the paper for the period 1948-2012. Findings - The major forest fires in Deliblatska peščara in the studied period were recorded in 1973, 1990, 1996 and 2007. Although they account for only about 1.5 % of the total number of fires, they collectively have invaded more than half of the total burnt area and more than two–thirds of the forest area. According to the surveys, the main characteristics of these fires were: frequent appearance of new fire hot spots, strong wind variable in direction which crucially affects the spread of fire and the impossibility of direct action on fire. The main disadvantages of fire protection were: inefficiency of fire breaks, blockage of forest roads for the passage of vehicles and the lack of the modern means of fire protection equipment. Research limitations / implications - Given the specificities of the studied area (the absence of surface water, sandy soils, microclimate conditions and vegetation composition), the research results cannot be fully generalized for Serbia. Practical implications - The research results indicate the need for making changes in the fire prevention system, as well as the possibility of fire danger forecast based on the heliocentric hypothesis. Originality / value – What has been the importance of the paper is that it provides the basis for a new approach to the planning of fire prevention measures.

  • Issue Year: 63/2013
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 269-278
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: English