Internees and fugitives in Varaždin's area during the First World War Cover Image

Internirci i bjegunci na varaždinskom području u vrijeme Prvog svjetskog rata
Internees and fugitives in Varaždin's area during the First World War

Author(s): Višnja Burek
Subject(s): Local History / Microhistory, Military history, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919)
Published by: Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti - Zavod za znanstveni rad Varaždin
Keywords: First World War; internees; Sriem people; fugitives; Varaždin;

Summary/Abstract: During the First World War, Varaždin’s population increased temporarily in the number not only due to many soldiers and the wounded, but also due to civilians, i.e. Austro-Hungarian citizens, who were forced to evacuate and then interned in Varaždin’s region, or who fled from the war area and arrived in the town. The interned Serbian citizens from Sriem and other neighboring counties were taken into the home guard barracks in Varaždin, to private properties in Jurketinec, Klenovnik, Konjščina and Bisag, and to the brickyards in Cerje Tužno. The internees returned home after the war operations on the Balkan battlefield had ended. The first fugitives were clergymen of St. Basil’s Order from Galicia, who fled from the war area during the autumn of 1914 and stayed here in the Franciscan monastery in Varaždin until the summer of 1916. The fugitives were not a homogeneous group if we consider the reasons why they had fled: war horrors, army violence, poverty, dearth, hunger, and struggle to survive.

  • Issue Year: 2016
  • Issue No: 27
  • Page Range: 347-370
  • Page Count: 24
  • Language: Croatian