Transformation of the Byzantine Adrianople into the Ottoman Edirne (14th – 16th century) Cover Image
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Преобразуване на византийския Адрианопол в османския Одрин (ХІV‒ХVІ в.)
Transformation of the Byzantine Adrianople into the Ottoman Edirne (14th – 16th century)

Author(s): Stefan Dimitrov
Subject(s): History, Cultural history, Comparative history, Diplomatic history, Local History / Microhistory, Political history, Middle Ages, Modern Age, Special Historiographies:, 13th to 14th Centuries, 15th Century, 16th Century, The Ottoman Empire
Published by: Институт за исторически изследвания - Българска академия на науките
Keywords: Адрианопол; Одрин; ос мански данъчни регистри; ХVІ век; мюсюлмани и немюсюлмани; градско пространство;

Summary/Abstract: Based on unpublished Ottoman tax registers (tapu tahrir defteri) kept at the Ottoman archives in Istanbul, the article examines the process of transformation of the Byzantine town of Adrianople into the Ottoman Edirne; the change in the architectural and ethnical and confessional layout of the city; the location of a part of the Muslim and Christian population and of the urban quarters inhabited by them; the Jewish communities and the dynamics in the quantitative indicators of the registered households; the condition, designation and functions of the ancient and medieval fortress of Adrianople and the way in which it fitted into the new Ottoman urban setting. Having surrendered voluntarily the fortress of Adrianople to the Ottoman, the Christian population was granted the right to continue to reside in its quarters in its interior. In the 16th century massive communities of Christian citizens inhabited the space among the fortress walls of the Byzantine fortress and the majority of their neighborhoods were situated around churches and bore the name of the respective church, while others were named after their current or former priests. Upon the conquest of the city by the Ottoman troops some of the churches in the fortress were turned into mosques for the purpose of demonstrating the dominant position of Islam and meeting the spiritual needs of the Muslim population. After the takeover of Edirne the Muslim population settled outside the walls of the ancient and medieval fortress, where it set up its neighborhoods. Besides Muslims and Christians many Jews continued to live in the city as well. They included romaniotes as well as Jews from the sepharadim and ashkenazim groups.

  • Issue Year: 2016
  • Issue No: 1-2
  • Page Range: 191-226
  • Page Count: 36
  • Language: Bulgarian