ЭДМУНД ГУССЕРЛЬ О ГОРИЗОНТНОЙ СТРУКТУРЕ ОПЫТА.
ПРЕДИСЛОВИЕ К ПЕРЕВОДУ 8 ПАРАГРАФА
КНИГИ ЭДМУНДА ГУССЕРЛЯ «ОПЫТ И СУЖДЕНИЕ»
EDMUND HUSSERL ABOUT THE HORIZONTAL STRUCTURE
OF EXPERIENCE. THE PREFACE TO THE TRANSLATION
OF THE 8th PARAGRAPH OF EDMUND HUSSERL’S BOOK
“EXPERIENCE AND JUDGEMENT”
Subject(s): Philosophy, Philosophical Traditions, Social Philosophy, Phenomenology
Published by: Издательство Санкт-Петербургского государственного университета
Keywords: Experience; world; horizon; inner horizon; outer horizon; anticipation; general typization of objects
Summary/Abstract: We present here a Russian translation of the 8th paragraph of Husserl’s book “Experience andJudgment” (1939). The paragraph includes a systematic outline of the phenomenological conceptionof horizonedness, while in no other Husserl’s book — from “Ideas I” to “Crisis” — we can finda fragment dealing with the idea of horizon elaborated so deep. The idea however is a substantialelement of Husserl’s conceptualization of experience as an open, indefinite process. In the7th paragraph of “Experience and Judgment” the world is conceived as a universal “ground ofcertainty”, upon which all our experience is based, and in the 8th paragraph the intentional structureof experience (mostly as perception) is explicated. That structure is characterized as horizontal. Thecrucial difference here is between the “inner horizon” and the “outer horizon” of an object. The outerhorizon stretches finally into the “world-horizon” — the ultimate, universal horizon comprising allpartial horizons and perspectives. In its turn, typization functions here as a way of representation ofobjects laying beyond the field of what is given. Typization also covers latent aspects of present objectsand concerns even their patent aspects. The most general type, according to Husserl, is “object assuch” — a basic category of formal ontology. The idea of horizon has been a fundamental principleof classical phenomenology. Nowadays it provokes hot discussions among such authors as Jean-Luc Marion, Emmanuel Levinas, and Jacques Derrida. The discussions relate to the very essence ofphenomenology. That’s why we find publication of the fragment to be important.
- Issue Year: 6/2017
- Issue No: 1
- Page Range: 181-191
- Page Count: 11
- Language: Russian