„1944” a szociológiában
„1944" in Sociology

Academic Sociology and anti-Semitism in Hungary

Author(s): Vera Szabari
Subject(s): Social Sciences
Published by: MTA TK Szociológiai Intézet
Keywords: history of Hungarian sociology; anti-Semitism; Jewish question; middle class; István Dékány; István Weis

Summary/Abstract: After World War I. anti-Semitism was increasing progressively in Hungary. These circumstances had a decisive influence on the status of sociology. Then in 1919, the progressive representatives of Hungarian sociology went into exile, as the Horthy regime looked upon sociology as an ‘anti-nationalist’ science. However, in the 1920s a central institutionalisation wave started in the field of social sciences, too. In 1924 the Hungarian Institute of Sociography was founded, in 1925 the Hungarian Social Sciences Association was reorganized, in 1938 the Research Centre of Landscape and Ethnography was founded by Pál Teleki, in 1942 the first academic sociology department was created by a conservative social philosopher, István Dékány. Between 1940 and 1944 István Weis taught sociology at the University of Pécs. The article analyses the significance of the ‘national’ discourse and the anti-Semitism in reorganising sociology. On the other hand, it discusses the anti-Semitic arguments in this reorganised sociology.

  • Issue Year: 5/2015
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 50-66
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Hungarian