Functional art. Of Russian avant-garde (textile and clothes design) Cover Image

Sztuka użytkowa awangardy rosyjskiej (wzornictwo tekstyliów i projektowanie ubiorów)
Functional art. Of Russian avant-garde (textile and clothes design)

Author(s): Grażyna Bobilewicz
Subject(s): Sociology of Art
Published by: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
Keywords: Russian avant-garde artists; textile design ornaments

Summary/Abstract: The subject of the analysis is the Russian avant‑garde art of textile and clothesdesign as a manifestation of the artists’ desire for a change of the aesthetics of the surroundingenvironment and as an innovative form of artistic expression. Two models of textile and clothes design are discussed on the basis of works by supremacists (K. Malewicz, N. Sujetin, I. Czasznik), constructivists (W. Tatlin, A. Rodczenko, El Lissitzsky, O. Rozanowa, W. Stiepanowa, L. Popowa, A. Ekster, N. Gonczarowa, S. Delaunay, etc.) and textile artists employed by textile industry (W. Masłow, S. Burylin, M. Anufriewa, W. Łotonina, etc.). Apart from decorative textile art inspired by painting, which is described as abstract, geometrical design, there is also thematic and programme design based on propaganda motifs and visual narration which refers to important events and changes that took place in Russia in the 1920s and 1930s. Both models of textile and clothes design, which interpenetrate and complement each other, are shaped by cultural dialogue based on binary models: canonical — non‑canonical, traditional — modern, rationalist — irrational (autonomy of creative consciousness), work — fashionable, male — female, manufactured — high‑technology,unique — mass‑produced. At the level of theory and artistic practice textile design is determined by such factors as: the concept of blurred boundaries between art and life,beauty and utility, Malewicz’s suprematist philosophy of design, constructivist and industrialtheory, and formal experiments.

  • Issue Year: 2016
  • Issue No: 26
  • Page Range: 143-158
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Polish