Political System of Turkey at the Crossroads between the Kemalizm and Islamism Cover Image

Политички систем Tурске на размеђу кемализма и исламизма
Political System of Turkey at the Crossroads between the Kemalizm and Islamism

Author(s): Živojin Đurić, Vladimir V. Ajzenhamer
Subject(s): Government/Political systems, Military policy, Politics and religion, Comparative politics, Transformation Period (1990 - 2010)
Published by: Институт за политичке студије
Keywords: Turkey; Kemal Ataturk; kemalism; secularism; political system; militarism; military coup; Islamism; democratization;

Summary/Abstract: This paper determines, through the analysis of political institutions, as well as analysis of the key moments of the modern Turkish history, the main characteristics of the political system of Turkey. Also, the authors analyze the role of the military in the establishment and maintenance of the secular society, and try to illuminate the essence of the current Islamist shift in Turkish politics. The paper first gives a historical overview of Ataturk’s reforms and the emergence of the Turkish republic, followed by review of basic characteristic of its political institutions. Then the authors analyze the past and present role of the military in Turkish political life, as well as reform shift after the victory of Islamists on parliamentary elections in 2002. The final part of the paper raises the question of whether the current policies of the ruling AK party leads to а greater democratization of society, its Islamization, or domination of one party over the entire political system?

  • Issue Year: 2011
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 441-466
  • Page Count: 26
  • Language: Serbian