Relation of the Russian Federation, the United States and NATO towards Military Neutrality of the Republic of Serbia Cover Image

Однос Руске Федерације, Сједињених Америчких Држава и НАТО према војној неутралности Републике Србије
Relation of the Russian Federation, the United States and NATO towards Military Neutrality of the Republic of Serbia

Author(s): Mile Rakić, Hatidža Beriša
Subject(s): Constitutional Law, International relations/trade, Transformation Period (1990 - 2010), EU-Accession / EU-DEvelopment, Geopolitics
Published by: Институт за политичке студије
Keywords: Neutrality; the Russian Federation; NATO; the policy; the Constitution of the Republic of Serbia;

Summary/Abstract: Geopolitical position of the Republic of Serbia situated in the center of constant great powers struggle over the influence, decisively influenced on the Serbian decision to proclaim military neutrality. Russia has traditionally occurred as a protector of Serbia in international politics, and most importantly it still actively supports Serbia in its diplomatic battle for the non-recognition of Kosovo’s independence. On the other hand, the Serbs did not forgive the US and NATO role in breaking up Yugoslavia and the bombing of 1999, however a stumbling block and the matter of greatest disagreement in the politics of two sides is the issue of Kosovo independence. Serbia is trying to animate Russia to gain certain concessions by the West on its path towards the European Union. In the current unipolar constellation of power and geostrategically complex situation when the Russian Federation is at a distance of 1500 kilometers, and when Serbia is in NATO environment, strategic problem of Serbia is that it is still trying to implement the Yugoslav strategy of the balancing that was effective in bipolar world and during the “Cold War”. However, analysis of the Constitution and others legal and sub-legal acts shows that the Republic of Serbia in the National Parliament Resolution of the on the protection of sovereignty, territorial integrity and constitutional order declared 26 December 2007. have the passage of military neutrality of Serbia. This decision was not preceded by public and expert debate, according to democratic practice, and this important decision was mentioned in a single sentence in the document which generally refers to something else. Moreover, neutrality is not mentioned in other laws and regulations, and the fact that the entire foreign policy and security orientation of the state is defined with only one extended sentence is unprecedented.

  • Issue Year: 2016
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 265-280
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Serbian